The tests are sinusoidal gratings whose parameters (luminance, contrast, spatial frequency) are controlled by the computer.
Each grating is first presented with very low contrast, then the contrast is progressively increased.
The patient presses a button when he/she detects the grating bars.
The test is usually performed under photopic conditions (average lumiannce of the grating=80 cd/m2).
• On the Moncv3 system, it can also be performed under low mesopic condition with the use of specific goggles that bring the average luminance down to 0.08 cd/m2
• On the MonpackONE system, thanks to its unique LED backlight technology, the everage luminance can be set to any level from 0.08 up to 80 cd/m2.
The results of the exam are represented as a curve (here in red) giving the contrast sensitivity versus spatial frequency.
The response curve from a normal subject shows a maximum for medium spatial frequencies (around 3 cycles per degree, corresponding to 3 white bars plus 3 dark bars viewed under an angle of 1 degree). The highest spatial frequency perceived at maximum contrast is around 30 to 45 cycles per degree.
Contrast sensitivity curve before and after YAG laser capsulotomy
Contrast sensitivity curve before and after LASIK on high myopia